South of New Zealand’s South Island and part of Rakiura, New Zealand’s southernmost national park, Ulva Island has a special place in New Zealand’s effort to protect local wildlife. Already in 1899 Ulva Island was chosen as one of the earliest reserves to protect New Zealand’s native flora and fauna. Since no logging has been done on this, the largest of several islands in Stewart Island’s Patterson Inlet, it is considered that on Ulva one can see what New Zealand must have looked like before humans settled. A small portion of Ulva’s 269 hectares is privately owned, but the island is uninhabited except for the native fauna. The only “hotels” on the island were set up in 2017 to permit an increase in the Weta population –Weta are cricket-like insects endemic to New Zealand- and to observe them. A program to eradicate rats has led Ulva to be one of New Zealand’s few predator-free islands and has given the endangered South Island Saddleback, Stewart Island Robin, and Stewart Island Kiwi as well as other birds an environment in which they can thrive. Research is being conducted on the island and birds have been released. Both the Department of Conservation and Ulva Island Charitable Trust are looking after this forested open island sanctuary and 4.5 kilometers of well-maintained tracks lead through the forest and along beaches, permitting to enjoy the local flora and fauna.