United States of America
Travel inland along the beautiful Columbia River from the western coast of the United States to visit Longview, Washington, one of the only cities in America that was almost entirely designed and planned (down to the last street name!) before construction ever began. This city is also unique because the entire building process was funded privately. In 1918, Robert Long of the Long-Bell Lumber Company purchased a large expanse of woodland in Cowlitz County. He determined he would need a total of 14,000 workers to run the lumber mills and camps, and set to planning and building a complete city to provide labor for the mills that would also attract other industries. The city was completed in 1921. This early 20th century economic boom resulted in dozens of historic and beautiful buildings, several on the National Register of Historic Places. Most of these buildings were constructed during 1923-1934, prior to the worst effects of the Great Depression. Architectural styles of the buildings range from Craftsman to Tudor, Art Deco and Georgian Revival. A bridge, a park and many buildings are on the National Register, and the Longview Civic Center is listed as a Historic District. Tour the city or visit nearby destinations. Neighboring Longview is Castle Rock, gateway to the Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument, dedicated in 1980 after the deadly, destructive eruption wreaked havoc on the region. Or within Longview is the famous Nutty Narrows Bridge, built in 1963 exclusively for squirrels, the only bridge of its kind in the world.