edineniya Island, Lonely Island or Solitude Island, as it is also known, is located in the Kara Sea between Novaya Zemlya and Severnaya Zemlya. The small, relatively flat island’s tundra, when free of ice and snow, shows green vegetation in the summer. In addition to tundra, there are bogs and small lakes on the island. A long spit of land dominates its northeastern side and ice floes are commonly found in the waters here, even in the summer. Uyedineniya was discovered in 1878 by Norwegian explorer Captain Johannesen from Tromsø, who named the island “solitude" in Norwegian, perhaps due to its isolated location in the Arctic. In scientific realms, the island is known for the discovery of a cervical vertebra of a plesiosaur during an expedition in the 1930s. In 1993, Ostrov Uyedineniya became part of the largest nature reserve in Russia; the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve.The conservation area protects habitat for wildlife including polar bears, walrus, seals and a variety of birds.