CAPE ZHELANIYA (Novo Zemlya)
The Russian word Zhelaniya means 'wish,' and leads one to wonder why such a poetic name was ascribed by Vitus Barentsz to this remote headland on the northern end of Severny Island, part of Novaya Zemlya. The cape is an important geographical landmark although quite a desolate and exposed location, especially in the bitter Arctic winters. It is the physical point of reference that marks the boundary between the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea. There was a Soviet Arctic station here during World War II, and an experimental station during the Cold War, that later functioned as a weather station. Starting in 2005, an automated meteorological station has been in operation on Cape Zhelaniya that tracks the area’s extreme weather patterns.