Fed States of Micronesia
Oroluk Atoll is one of the 12 municipalities of Pohnpei, one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia. The atoll is found northwest of the island of Pohnpei and is almost halfway between Pohnpei and Chuuk. Several passes lead into the large lagoon -of those West Channel and Pioneer Pass are closest to Oroluk Island, the only inhabited islet on the reef’s northwestern corner. There are a few places where sand collects on the reef and accordingly one of these more than 25 islets and sand cays is called Sand Island. Despite its small size of 0.15 square kilometers, Oroluk Island was occupied by the Japanese during WWII and a lookout tower had been erected, while Oroluk Anchorage, the lagoon’s western side was used by Japanese ships. The few residents found on Oroluk Island are usually from the Kapingamarangi village Porakiet in Kolonia, Pohnpei. They are looking after the island, planting taro and bananas and set up fish traps on the northwestern reef flats. The water in the lagoon has been described as one of the most transparent within the state and not only reef fish, but also Pacific green turtles and hawksbill sea turtles can often be seen.