New Mangalore Port, established in 1974, is the major port of Karnataka. It has the distinction of the ninth biggest port of India. Its construction got completed in 12 years using the latest technology to provide the best port facilities. The port has been established in such a way that it can bear all kinds of climatic hazards. Mangalore is named after the goddess Mangaladevi. Mangalore is a panorama of palm-fringed beaches, lush green fields and enchanting forests. View more
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Mangalore - known as Mangaluru in the local language, was once a famous port, known in the 6th century as a major source of pepper. It was mentioned in writings of the 14th century Arab traveller Ibn Batuta, who noted its trade in pepper and ginger, and the presence of merchants from Persia and Yemen. Perhaps some of its good luck is due to its name, which comes from Mangladevi, the Goddess of Fortune.
Travel through this small town, past government buildings and private homes, rice paddies and fertile fields, to learn more about one of the world's most popular nuts - cashew nut. Visit a cashew factory, where you will see the various stages of processing. All the work, from peeling the outer and inner skin, to segregating the nuts according to their size and colour, is done by hand. Over 500 women perform the routine and tedious procedures involved in processing the nuts manually; and still manage to welcome you with smiles. If you are one of those who fish for cashews in the mixed nuts, you might want to treat yourself to a big bag of the real thing which is available for sale.
Your next stop is at the 11th century Kadri Manjunath Temple, an important centre for the worship of Lord Shiva (one of the holy Hindu trinity), and the Natha-Pantha cult - an outgrowth of Hinduism. Enshrined in the unusual square and towered sanctuary are a number of superb bronzes. There is also a Shiva lingam that is believed to have the power to fulfil a wish made while pouring water on it. The main temple is surrounded by nine water tanks, and a number of smaller shrines dedicated to other gods, including Lord Ganesha, the elephant headed god who is the remover of obstacles; and the dynamic goddess Durga.
The temple also has traces of Buddhist influence, including a life-sized, three-faced, six-armed figure of a seated Bodhisattva with enamelled eyes and an intricately carved crown. Every person who comes here, irrespective of caste or creed, is welcomed and given a free meal.
The Romanesque-style St. Aloysius Chapel on Lighthouse Hill is sometimes referred to as the Sistine Chapel of South India. Its 19th century frescoes, painted by the Italian-trained Jesuit priest Moscheni, envelope the walls and ceilings in Biblical scenes. Whether or not it is due to his influence, the town does have a Roman Catholic population of about 20%, extraordinarily high for an Indian city. The rector will give you a brief introduction to the chapel's history and bring your attention to some of the finer points of the paintings.
Your last stop is another temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Hoysala style Gokarnath temple was built by a Hindu businessman for the non Brahmins of Mangalore, who were denied entry to Brahmin Temples.
After touring the temple, return to the pier.
Please Note: Proper attire is required to visit the temple. Shorts and short skirts are not allowed. Women must have their shoulders covered. Shoes must be removed prior to entering the temple. We suggest bringing along a pair of thick socks because the pavement will be hot. Visitors are not allowed to the peeling, grading and packaging section of the cashew factory complex. A demonstration of these processes will be given to the guests. Guests can buy cashew nuts within the factory complex. No photography is allowed inside the sanctum sanctorum of the Kadri Manjunath Temple. Only photography without flash is permitted at St. Aloysius Chapel.
Moodabidri is a Jain holy city, home to 18 temples, although the Jains are only a tiny minority of the local population. The largest of the temples is the 15th century Chandranatha Basti containing 1,000 pillars, carved in astonishingly fine detail - no two are alike. It also has a valuable collection of metal and jewel-encrusted images of Jain prophets.
At the entrance is the huge monolithic pillar called the "Manasthambha", believed to guard the temple and meant to remind all who enter that they must leave their egos at the door, in order to be received by the Almighty once inside.
Jainism began in the same border region of India and Nepal as Buddhism, and at about the same time. The essence of this belief system is that all life is sacred, and that every living entity, even the smallest insect, has within it an indestructible and immortal soul. For this reason they are strict vegetarians. The value Jains place on doing no harm has contributed to their importance in business, as they regard nearly all occupations except banking and commerce as "violent".
Next you can pay homage to Mother Nature's bounty as you encounter the heady scents of Dr. Soan's farm. This hundred-acre spread is home to a variety of spices - pepper, cloves, cardamom, cinnamon and nutmeg; paddy fields (rice), bamboo (one particular species is believed to grow a foot a day), pineapple (the major cash crop), bananas, and a variety of other fruits. If the aromas of the spices and tastes of the fruit give you an appetite it is just as well, as a glass of fresh pineapple juice will be served during your stay.
Thereafter return to the pier to join the ship.
Please Note: The tour involves a moderate amount of walking and climbing a few stairs. Proper attire is required to visit the temple. Shorts and short skirts are not allowed. Women must have their shoulders covered. Shoes must be removed prior to entering the temple. We suggest bringing along a pair of thick socks because the pavement will be hot. No photography is allowed inside the sanctum sanctorum of the 1000 pillar temple.