Waikelo, West Sumba
Waikelo, one of the largest waterfalls in Sumba, surges out of a cave. Today, farmers have rerouted the water to their rice paddies below. The island of Sumba is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands located in eastern Indonesia. Historically, this island was known as Sandalwood Island because its major export was sandalwood. Before colonization by western Europeans, it was inhabited by Melanesian and Austronesian indigenous people who believed in the animist Marapu religion. Today, this is one of the very few places on earth where this religion is still very much part of their culture today. The first Europeans arrived by ship in 1522, and after that, the Dutch East India Company slowly took control of the island. Although it was never a major colonial centre, it remained part of the Dutch Indonesian administration until well into the 20th century.