Probolinggo is a beautiful and enchanting city on the north coast of East Java, Indonesia. It is located on one of the major highways across Java, has a harbour filled with fishing vessels and is surrounded on the landward side by the Probolinggo Regency, but is not part of the regency. Probolinggo is home to the Javanese, Maduranese, Pendalungan (descents of Java and Maduranese) and Tenggerese, who still practice their centuries-old customs and traditions. Probolinggo is bordered by the imposing Mount Semeru, Bromo and Argopuro mountain group, and lined with lovely beaches to the north. Probolinggo's volcanic, mineral-rich soil is highly fertile. The mountains surrounding Probolinggo City abound with lush, tropical foliage, spectacular panoramic vistas, and points of natural interests, history and culture. The motto of the city is 'Bestari', which is an acronym of bersih (cleanliness), sehat (healthy), tertib (orderly), aman (safe), rapi (neat), and indah (beautiful).
It is generally believed that the earliest inhabitants of the Indonesian archipelago originated in India or Burma. In 1890, fossils of Java man, some 500,000 years old, were found in East Java. Later, Malays came from southern China and Indochina beginning around 3000 B.C. Powerful groups such as the Buddhist Srivijaya Empire and Hindu Mataram Kingdom appeared in Java and Sumatra towards the end of the 7th century. Between 1055 and 1222, the Kediri Kingdom prospered and expanded. The last important kingdom to remain Hindu was the Majapahit. This empire, founded in the 13th century, dominated the entire archipelago, Malay Peninsula and part of the Philippines. However, the subsequent spread of Islam into the archipelago in the 14th century forced the Majapahits to retreat to Bali in the 15th century. By this time, a strong Muslim empire had developed, with its centre at Melaka (Malacca) on the Malay Peninsula. Its influence was short-lived and it fell to the Portuguese in 1511, followed by the Dutch. Based in Batavia (Jakarta), the Dutch East India Company dominated the spice trade, took control of Java by the mid-18th century and the entire archipelago by the early-20th century. East Java's claim to fame in modern history is its vanguard role in the struggle for independence against Colonial forces in 1945.
Today, Probolinggo's economy is supported by its fishing and shipping industries, agriculture, including mangoes, grapes, rice, corn, rubber, coffee, and sugar refining and exporting, along with cottage industries like pottery and the manufacture of sarongs. However, Probolinggo's stunning coast, beautiful beaches and breath-taking nearby natural attractions have made its tourism industry an increasingly important facet of the local economy. Probolinggo is bordered by a group of majestic mountains, including Semeru, Bromo and Argopuro, and idyllic beaches to the north. These mountains feature beautiful scenery, spectacular panoramic vistas and many points of natural interests, history and culture. When combined with the Madakaripura Waterfall, Gili Ketapang Island, Bentar Beach, Jabung Temple, Sempu Island, Rengganis Peak, Bamboo Forest, Sukamade Beach and Turtle Conservation Area, and other fascinating local sites, they ensure a uniquely scenic and fascinating stay for all visitors to Probolinggo.
The culture and legacy of Probolinggo can be explored during visits to some of its most traditional and historic landmarks and locales. Shadow puppet shows, traditional Kiprah Glipang and Ngiring Kucing dance ceremonies, the Kasada ceremony on Mount Bromo, Mountain Jazz Festival, Lumajang Art Carnival, Mangun Dharma Art Centre, and Brawijaya Military Museum offer a unique way to experience the local culture of the region. The history of the city and its environs can be explored at the ancient Tetes Caves, Jalan Pasar Klakah Piket Nol and Goa Tetes cave systems, 14th-century Jabung, Kedaton and Singosari temples, Malang's Ijen Boulevard, Ken Dedes Bathing Pools, and a host of traditional local villages and communities.
Probolinggo's inland and coastal splendour is highlighted by a wide array of scenic and memorable sightseeing venues for outdoor enthusiasts. Land-based excursions include exciting river-rafting on the Pekalen River with Songa Adventure Rafting or Noar's Rafting, canoeing and fishing on Segaran Lake, nature walks and hiking on Mount Bromo, horseback-riding to the Sea of Sand, swimming and caving at the Madakaripura Waterfall, bird-watching and nature-hiking at the Triangle of Lakes and Ranu Pane, Ranu Regulo and Ranu Gembolo lakes, camping and hiking on Mount Sawur, and fishing, swimming and nature-hiking at the Selokambang Swimming Pool and its surrounds. Probolinggo's idyllic harbour, beaches and offshore islands abound with exotic flora and fauna, diverse bird species, abundant coral beds, fish species, marine life, and wildlife. Fun-filled, exciting water-based excursions include fishing in the mangrove forest, swimming, sunbathing, beach volleyball and boating at Bentar Indah Beach, and swimming, sunbathing, surfing, fishing, and other beach and water sports at the beaches of Tlepuk and Bambang. Probolinggo is also home to some of the world's finest destinations for snorkelling and diving, including Gili Ketapang, Kendari, Wakatobi, Bunaken, Lembeh Strait, Tanjung Bira, Selayar, and the Balekambang beaches.
Due to its compact size, Probolinggo can be easily explored in just a single day.
Going Ashore in Probolinggo
The ship may be at anchor. Guests will tender ashore to the Tanjung Tebaga Pier. Probolinggo's town centre can be reached via a short, 1.2-mile (two-kilometre) taxi-ride. Taxis are available at the pier, but only by request.
Probolinggo is the centre of the handicraft industry, and renowned for its bamboo products that are hand-made by local craftsmen, and available in a variety of styles, shapes and colours. Additional local products include ceramics, home décor items, clothing, antiques, garments, bags, and spices. These and other souvenirs can be found at various shops throughout the city and local shopping centre, whilst Javanese antiques can be found at JL Pesisir. Most stores are open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. The local currency is the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR).
Probolinggo is renowned for its Indonesian, Thai, Chinese, Japanese, and European cuisine, along with fresh fish, seafood and many traditional foods. The most famous is Soto Kraksan, a thick chicken soup cooked with coconut milk, sharp spices and lemon slices, and served with a bowl rice and lontong. Probolinggo offers many other rich, traditional foods worthy of a try, including East Javanese specialities such as nasi rames and Soto Madura, tahu tek, and traditional foods such as tofu with bean curd and rujak cingur, a salad with a sweet-and-spicy sauce, and garnished with ox nose. Other Probolinggo favourites include pisang agung, an arm-sized banana commonly processed as kripik (chips) or eaten after steamed, tape, or fermented cassava, nasi goring, or fried rice, satay, pecel, or vegetable salad with peanut sauce, and Pokak, a popular local beverage made from Indonesian spices, ginger and sugar. Probolinggo is also famous for its mangoes, or mangga manalagi, and grapes. Popular restaurants in-and-around Probolinggo include Tongas Asri, Beejay Bakau Resort, Rawon Nguling, Sumber Hidup, Rumah Makan Taman Air Handayani, Waroeng Basuki, Bebek Goreng Bu Lely, Warung Wahyu, and Soto Ayam Pak Rahman.
Candi Jabung (Jabung Temple)
Located 3.1 miles (five kilometres) east of the village of Kraksaan, near Probolinggo, is this wonderful restored Buddhist temple. The Jabung Temple dates from 1354, and is noted as one of the places visited by mighty King Hayam Wuruk in 1359.
Located in the Argopuro Valley approximately 37 miles (60 kilometres) south of Probolinggo, the unique Kedaton Temple dates from the late-14th century. This 64.6-square-foot (six-square-metre) tall temple is built of Andesit stone, and has the stories of Garudeya, Arjunawiwaha, Bhomakwyacarved inscribed among its 33 reliefs.
Located in Jabung Village, the ancient Jabung Temple is one of Probolinggo's most revered historical sites. This 51.2-foot (15.6-metre) tall temple is built of red stone, and features some relief panels inscribed with people and animals of that time.
Probolinggo is famous for its sweet, fresh mangoes, grapes, and other fruits and vegetables, which can be found in markets, stalls and farms throughout the area. Prolobinggo's agro-tourism industry is growing, and visit to any of the local grape, mango, and fruit gardens offer a unique and picturesque way to browse for fresh island produce at low prices.
Andung Biru Tea Plantation
The incredibly scenic and serene Andung Biru Tea Plantation offers a unique way to experience the verdant Probolinggo Regency. Upon arrival, marvel at the lush, green plantations and hills, and breathe in the cool mountain air. Next, meet the tea farmers, take a guided tour of the plantation, help pluck the tea leaves and observe the tea-production process.
Ranu Segaran (Segaran Lake)
Located in Probolinggo, Segaran Lake, is one of the city's most beautiful natural landmarks. With its spectacular hot spring and lush foliage, this clean, fresh lake is ideal for canoeing, fishing, etc., or simply relaxing with friends and family.
Ranu Agung (Agung Lake)
Beautiful Agung Lake is located in the Tiris district, approximately about 34 miles (55 kilometres) from Probolinggo City. This pristine, freshwater lake has a steep bank that is rich with colour, and makes the area even more stunning.
Located in the Tegalsiwalan district approximately (15 kilometres) from Probolinggo City, this lovely lake serves as both a tourist attraction and industrial lake. In addition to its stunning beauty, Ronggojalu Lake is used to help satisfy irrigation and fresh water needs in the area.
Bentar Indah Beach
Located in the Gending district, approximately 4.3 miles (seven kilometres) east of Probolinggo, Bentar Indah Beach is an idyllic, white-sand beach with an adjacent hill. A climb to the hilltop is rewarded with spectacular panoramic vistas overlooking the white-sand beaches and beautiful sea. Fishing in the mangrove forest to the east, along with swimming, sunbathing, beach volleyball and boating, are also available at Bentar Indah Beach.
Gili Ketapang Island
Gili Ketapang is an exquisite, pristine island in the crystal-clear waters north of Probolinggo, approximately five miles (eight kilometres) from the Ujung Tembaga Port. The island's picturesque beauty, white-sand beaches and abundant, colourful coral, fish and marine life combine to create a truly memorable island experience.
Mount Argopuro and Rengganis Peak
Located near the Yang upland, Mount Argopuro is the area's tallest hill and very suitable for people who like a challenge. A difficult area with very steep, high sides, a sloping valley and natural hazards, Argopuro has earned the admiration of climbers who frequent it. After visiting the peak of Argopuro or 'Rengganis Palace', return to Accentor and continue on to Sik Kasur, then around Batu Lempeng Hill and down to Pondok Celot, a Celot hut. Afterward, pass through Taman Sarang Laba-laba, or Spider's Web Garden', also known as Si Mesem, or 'The Smile'.
Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park
This spectacular park is named after Bromo, Java's most popular mountain, Semeru, Java's tallest mountain at 12,060 feet (3,676 metres), and the Tengger people who inhabit the area. This ruggedly beautiful park features barren volcanic peaks, gravel plains, Sea of Sand, and spectacular Madakaripura Waterfall. At the caldera and mountaintops, flora and fauna is limited by a lack of vegetation. However, at lower elevations and away from the sandy beaches, large, lushly-forested areas are fed by rivers from the high mountaintops. By contrast, mountains with medium elevations are clad with much thinner forests that give way to barren plateaus and peaks. Down in the valley, leopard, deer, wild pigs and other animals live in the valleys, whilst sea hawks and eagles may be observed soaring over the valleys below. The area in-and-around the park is inhabited by the Tenggerese, one of the few significant Hindu communities left on the island of Java.
The 8,005-foot (2,440-metre) Mount Batok is a brown volcano located at the north-centre of the caldera. Unlike the other nearby peaks, it is no longer active and actually has some vegetation growing on it, mostly cemara (casuarina) trees that somehow manage to survive, even on volcanic ash. Mount Batok is also home to the tidy, vividly-coloured houses belonging to the local Teggerese population.
Upacara Kasodo Ceremony
For many visitors, the sight of the Tenggerese, wrapped in poncho-like blankets whilst trotting about on ponies in the foreground of the craggy mountains, more closely reflects Peru than Indonesia. The Upacara Kasodo, also 'Kasada', is held every year at the full moon of the 12th month of the Tenggerese calendar and the most demonstrable Tenggerese religious ceremony. The Tenggerese invoke the approval of the gods to ensure a successful harvest, to be spared from any natural calamities and to be cured of disease. Selected Tenggerese men climb down to precarious ledges on Bromo's crater wall, and a scramble ensues for possession of the offerings thrown down by their excited neighbours above. The entire custom is both exciting and rather terrifying, as it is not unusual for a 'catcher' to slip off his ledge and fall.
Also known as Mahameru (Great Mountain), the 12,060-foot (3,676-metre) Mount Semeru is Java's tallest and one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. Its volcano erupts every 20 minutes or so, belching out a huge cloud of steam and smoke, at times interspersed with ash and stones. Climbing Mount Semeru requires some planning and a permit from the National Park Authority. The mountain is often closed due to its highly-active nature.
The 7,641-foot (2,329-metre) Mount Bromo is easily recognized, as the entire top has been blown off and the crater inside constantly belches out white sulphurous smoke. It sits inside the massive Tengger Caldera, which has a diameter of approximately 6.2 miles (about 10 kilometres) and is surrounded by Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand), an expanse of fine volcanic sand. The overall effect is unsettlingly unearthly, especially when compared to the lush green valleys all around the caldera. The cool mountain air, a crater filled with smoke and surreal scenery draws many visitors to Mount Bromo at sunrise.
Located at the north-eastern edge of the caldera, Cemoro Lawang is the main gateway to Mount Bromo, but there are also trails from Tosari to the northwest and Ngadas to the southwest. The village of Ngadisari, on the road to Probolinggo about 3.4 miles (5.5 kilometres) from Cemoro Lawang, marks the entrance to Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park. Both Cemoro Lawang and Ngadisari are rather picturesque, with brightly-painted houses. Camping, nature and mountain hiking, horseback-riding to the Sea of Sand, and marvelling at the surrounding volcanic splendour are popular with visitors to Mount Bromo.
Located in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park at the end of a deep valley in the foothills of the Tengger range, the Madakaripura Waterfall is one of seven waterfalls and caves found here. Its centre reaches a staggering height of 656 feet (200 metres). This lush, natural beauty of this peaceful, exotic locale is especially inviting, and bathing in its chilly waters is thought to be the elixir of life. Used in their important ceremonies, the water is regarded as holy by the Tenggerese. The revered Majapahit Prime Minister, Gajah Madah, is also reputed to have meditated here. Facilities here include a parking lot, food stalls, rest area and security post.
This eerily beautiful Tenggerese Hindu temple is perched in the sandy seaside near Mount Bromo. There is something quite magical about this landmark, and the frugality of its décor and austere design seems most appropriate for this location.
Ranupani and Ranu Regulo Lakes
Located next to the village of Ranupani on the south side of the crater, these small, serene and misty lakes are the usual starting-point for ascending Mount Semeru. However, most visitors to this side of the crater are typically happen to take in the beauty of the small highland lakes, and leave climbing Mount Semeru to the professionals. Mystical Ranupani Village is an extremely spiritual village, even by East Javanese standards, and its rather ghostly lakes add to the feelings of spirituality. Overnight visits at a simple local home in Ranupani can be arranged at the Park Office.
Jazz Gunung Festival (Mountain Jazz Festival)
This popular annual music event celebrates local music, nature and culture, and has been held at Mount Bromo's Java Banana open stage every July since 2009. The stunning scenery and breezy, mountainous tropical climate include temperature around 14-18°C (about 57-65°F) during daylight and as low as 6-10°C (42-50°F) at night, and distinguishes this event from other jazz festivals in Indonesia.
The second-largest city in East Java, Malang is a city of great historical significance. The oldest existing record of Malang as a regency is from the 8th century, when it was the seat of government of the ancient Kanjuruhan and Singhasari kingdoms. Although modern-day Malang is significantly urbanised, the city retains much of its historical character through a wonderful array of Hindu and Dutch Colonial landmarks. The Malang Regency is located between two groups of mountains, Mount Semeru, the highest mountain on Java, and Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park to the east. Take a tour of this fine old city on-foot or by becak, see the beautiful Dutch-Colonial-style houses around Jalan Ijen, visit Alun-Alun, the central town square, and Jalan Basuki Rahmat, one of the city's main thoroughfares.
Located approximately 37.3 miles (about 60 kilometres) south of Malang, the Balekambang Beaches actually consist of three beaches; Balekambang, Ngliyep and Sendang Biru. All are quite beautiful, and close by each other. Locals simply refer to all three as 'Balekambang'. You can relax amidst a white-sand beach, and take in stunning coastal scenery. An offshore island, Pulau Sempu, can be visited by chartering a boat from Sedang Biru Beach. At Balekambang Beach, three little offshore islets are attached to the beach by walkways. Of the three beaches, Balekambang is perhaps the most attractive, but all three are worth visiting.
Ijen Boulevard, Malang
This beautiful city street is lined with well-tended bougainvillea against a backdrop of old Colonial structures and interesting buildings, including the Brawijaya Army Museum, Catholic Church and City Library. You should take in this area as part of a becak, or walking tour of the historic downtown area.
Padepokan Seni Mangun Dharma (Mangun Dharma Art Centre)
This superb arts centre is dedicated to the research, promotion and performance of traditional East Javanese art forms, including dance, batik, shadow-puppetry and carving. Dance performances can be arranged on-demand, and are of excellent quality as the dancers are trained from childhood. Their motto is 'Rescuing the Arts of East Java'.
Purwodadi Botanical Gardens
Located approximately 12.4 miles (20 kilometres) north of Malang, Purwodadi is one of the four official botanical gardens in Indonesia. The 210-acre (85 hectares) Purwodadi features splendid gardens housing an impressive botanical collection, and the splendid Baung Waterfall.
Located approximately 7.4 miles (12 kilometres) north of Malang, the Singosari Temple (Candi Singosari), is located in the city of the same name. This well-preserved Hindu temple dates from 1300 A.D., a testament of the great Hindu kingdoms that ruled East Java before the arrival of Islam.
Ken Dedes Bathing Pools
Located near the Singosari Temple, the Ken Dedes Bathing Pools are believed to have been part of the royal court. Ken Dedes was the wife of the first King of Singhasari (later Singosari), and these bathing pools are believed to have been part of the royal court. In addition to some wonderful statues here, the entire area has fine relics from early Hindu kingdoms, including Candi Jago and Candi Kidal.
Taman Rekreasi Senaputra (Senaputra Park)
Located in Jalan Brawijaya, Malang, Senaputra Park features traditional East Java dances every Sunday morning at 10 a.m. in the park (during the dry season only). Every last Wednesday of the month, there is a Wayang Kulit shadow puppet show starting at 10 p.m.
Brawijaya Military Museum
The Brawijaya Military Museum, features East Java's famous Brawijaya garrison of the Indonesian military, interesting relics of Indonesia's revolutionary war of the late-1940s and the Communist purges of the late-1960s. Afterward, a walking tour through the Jalan Ijen area offers a sombre insight into the country's turbulent and violent past.
One of the most beautiful islands in East Java, Sempu is located approximately 875 yards (800 meters) from the southern coast of the province of East Java, Indonesia. The island is 2.42 miles (3.9 kilometres) long and 2.2 miles (3.6 kilometres) wide. Its topography features large, rolling hills ranging from 54 yards (50 metres) to 108 yards (100 meters) above sea level. The coastline consists mainly of limestone cliffs, characteristic of the façade of the island of the Java. Points of interested on Sempu Island include Segara Anakan and the Tempo Doeloe Museum.
The East Java city and regency district of Lumajang, also known as 'Banana Town', is located on the south coast of the province of East Java. The Lumajang Regency is about 118 miles (190 kilometres) from Surabaya, the capital of East Java. Lumajang is divided into 18 sub-districts and 200 smaller areas. The Lumajang Regency includes the western area of the regency of Malang, the east-side of Jember and the northern Probolinggo Regency. Lumajang is famous for its pisang agung, an arm-sized banana, commonly processed as kripik (chips) or eaten after steamed.
Selokambang Swimming Pool
The Selokambang Swimming Pool is located in Purwosono Village, part of the sub-district of Sumbersuko, about 3.7 miles (about six kilometres) west of Lumajang. The swimming pool is surrounded by a panorama of beautiful, pristine flora and fauna. Locals believe the water can help them recovery from diseases, including skin conditions, rheumatism, bone diseases, etc. In addition to the swimming pool, Selokambang offers fishing and nature hikes around the tourism area.
Mandara Giri Temple
This beautiful temple is located in the Sendoro district, about 15.5 miles (25 kilometres) west of Lumajang. It is frequented by Hindus, primarily Balinese, who conduct the Memendak Thirtha and Mjejauman ceremonies every July. Balinese traditional dances are performed as part of those ceremonies.
Mount Sawur is a wonderful place for observing volcanoes. It is located in Sumur Mujur Village, in the Candipuro district approximately 16.7 miles (about 27 kilometres) from Lumajang. This beautiful site features serene, breath-taking mountain scenery, the Seismograph and Regional Centre buildings, as well as a telescope. Camping and hiking are both popular here.
Triangle of Lakes
Located in northern Lumajang near Klakah Village, the ranus (lakes) of Klakah, Bedali and Pakis form an attractive resort surrounded by splendid mountain scenery, cool, fresh mountain air and the beauty of Mount Lamongan. They are all easily accessible by public or private transportation.
Jalan Pasar Klakah Piket Nol and Goa Tetes
This stunning and unique, 1.86-mile (three-kilometre) cave system is located in Sidomulyo Village, part of the Pronojiwo sub-district. It is very beautiful, and highlighted by numerous mini-waterfalls.
The unique Tetes Cave is one of Lumajang's natural wonders. Located approximately 34.2 miles (55 kilometres) south of Lumajang, Tetes is the most beautiful cave in Lumajang and contains impressive, colourful stalagmite and stalactite formations. There is a challenging 0.6-mile (one-kilometre) walk to reach the cave. Inside its entrance is a calm, flowing river.
Ranu Pane, Ranu Regulo and Ranu Gembolo Lakes
This wonderfully scenic area is located in Panupane village in the Senduro district, about 31 miles (50 kilometres) west of Lumajang on the slopes of the Bromo and Semeru mountains. These fantastic lakes of the Lumajang Regency feature crystal-clear water, verdant scenery and fresh mountain air.
Watu Pecak Beach
This shores of Watu Pecak Beach lie on the south coast of Java. The beach is located in Selok Awar-Awar village in the Pasirian district, approximately 11.2 miles (about 18 kilometres) south of Lumajang. The beach features swimming, beach and water sports, surfing, huge waves, and teak forests lining the nearby roadside. The resort is also used as a location for the Hindu ritual ceremony, Melasti.
Located approximately 19.2 (31 kilometres) south of Lumajang is Tlepuk Beach. This unique beach is home to many colourful stones and rocks, a natural fishing swamp, and lovely tropical scenery. Tlepuk Beach features swimming, sunbathing, beach and water sports, surfing, fishing, and more.
Bambang Beach is a seaside resort in Bago Village, approximately 14.2 miles (about 23 kilometres) from Lumajang on the shores of the Indian Ocean. The beach features swimming, beach and water sports, surfing, and huge waves. Bambang Beach is also frequented in large numbers during the days of Lebaran Ketupat.
The Manggisan Waterfall is located in Senduro's Kandangan district, approximately 13.7 miles (about 22 kilometres) from Lumajang. This lovely waterfall is (54 metres) in height, and its verdant surrounds and fresh air are ideal for hiking.
This lovely, 34.6-acre (14-hectare) bamboo forest is located at Sumber Mujur Village, part of sub-district Candipuro. Probolinggo is renowned for its bamboo products that are hand-made by local craftsmen, and available in a variety of styles, shapes and colours.
Lumajang Art Carnival
For the Lumajang community, Indonesian Independence Day is always characterized by a graceful and attractive art carnival of traditional and modern dances. The procession is situated along the downtown road. People from all parts of Lumajang and the surrounding towns can experience this grand event, performed annually between the 19th and the 22nd of August.
The Birthday of Lumajang
The Mula Malurung inscription notes that Lumajang was inaugurated on the 15th of December 1255 A.D. Therefore, this day was pronounced as the birthday of Lumajang. It is commemorated annually by a set of processions which portray the coronation of Arya Wiraraya as the first authority holder in Lumajang. The ceremony is held at the Pendopo Kabupaten (County Open Audience Hall).
Jember is a bustling city and regency district in East Java, the third-largest after Surabaya and Malang. Jember is famous for its tobacco farms and traditional food, tape, which is made of fermented cassava. The city is also excellent base for exploring the southern part of the east Java region, including the Sukamade Turtle Conservation Area. Jember shares its borders with the regencies of Lumajang to the west, Probolinggo, Bondowoso and Situbondo to the north, and Banyuwangi to the east. To the south lies the Indian Ocean, where the regency includes the island of Nusa Barong, located just to the south of Java. The University of Jember is located in this regency.
Sukamade Beach and Turtle Conservation Area
Located approximately 60 miles (about 97 kilometres) southwest of Banyuwangi, this turtle conservation area in East Java, Indonesia, features a lush, coastal tropical forest with fringing mangroves and open, savannah-like areas. Coffee and cacao plantations can be found close to the stunning, white-sand beaches of Sukamade, where four different species of turtles appear every night to lay eggs. This globally-important site is protected 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Some eggs are taken by the rangers to protect them from predators, both human and wildlife. They are incubated in the safety of the park's Turtle Hatchery Facility, and the youngsters are released to the ocean on the very beach from where the eggs were laid. There are similar beaches within the park boundary, but the turtles seem to be prefer Sukamade. Watching these giant creatures emerge from the surf and struggle up the beach to lay their eggs on a moonlit night is a unique and unforgettable experience.
Teluk Hijau Bay
Located near the Sukamade Beach and Turtle Conservation Area, Teluk Hijau is an incredibly beautiful bay, with cliffs abutting a white-sand beach.
Meru Betiri National Park
The pristine wilderness jungle surrounding beautiful Meru Betiri National Park is probably the last hope for a surviving Java tiger. Unfortunately, your chances of seeing one are almost nil, as some rangers believe this tiger to be extinct or low single figures. However, other mammals present in the park include banteng, leopards, wild pigs and Java deer, along with diverse and varied bird species to explore.
Probolinggo offers a wide array of splendid outdoor activities, including river-rafting on the Pekalen River with Songa Adventure Rafting or Noar's Rafting, canoeing and fishing on Segaran Lake, nature walks and hiking on Mount Bromo, horseback-riding to the Sea of Sand, swimming and caving at the Madakaripura Waterfall, bird-watching and nature-hiking at the Triangle of Lakes and Ranu Pane, Ranu Regulo and Ranu Gembolo lakes, and fishing, swimming and nature-hiking at the Selokambang Swimming Pool and its surrounds. The idyllic beaches and offshore islands of Probolinggo abound with exotic flora and fauna, diverse bird species, abundant coral beds, fish species, marine life, and wildlife. Fun-filled, exciting water-based excursions include fishing in the mangrove forest, swimming, sunbathing, beach volleyball and boating at Bentar Indah Beach, and swimming, sunbathing, surfing, fishing, and other beach and water sports at the beaches of Tlepuk and Bambang. Probolinggo is also home to some of the world's finest destinations for snorkelling and diving, including Gili Ketapang, Kendari, Wakatobi, Bunaken, Lembeh Strait, Tanjung Bira, Selayar, and the Balekambang beaches.
Private arrangements for independent sightseeing may be requested through the Shore Concierge Office on board the ship.